Low-angle view of signpost with two arrows: Questions and Answers.

Frequently Asked Questions

Find answers to common questions about trusts, investments and retirement planning.

I am leaving my job and must decide what to do with my retirement plan assets. What are my options?

The four most common retirement plan distribution options to choose from are:

  • Making a direct rollover into a rollover IRA
  • Making a direct rollover into your new employer’s plan
  • Leaving the money in your current employer’s plan
  • Taking a cash distribution

How do they differ?

DIRECT ROLLOVER INTO ROLLOVER IRA: A Rollover IRA allows you to move your eligible rollover money from your employer’s retirement plan directly to an IRA without paying current taxes or penalties. If you decide to keep your retirement savings working for you, a Rollover Individual Retirement Account (IRA) may be a smart choice because of its ease and convenience.

ROLLOVER TO NEW EMPLOYER’S PLAN: If you are changing jobs and your new employer sponsors a qualified retirement plan that accepts rollovers, you may opt to move your eligible rollover money directly into your new employer’s plan. Talk to the plan administrator at your new company, as rules and investment options vary.

LEAVE MONEY IN CURRENT PLAN: Generally, this option is available if your vested account balance in the plan is greater than $5,000. You may elect to take your money out at a later date or keep the money in the plan until normal retirement age. Many distribution options available to you today will be available when you decide to take your money out of the plan. While this may be the easiest course of action to take now, later on you may find it too restrictive. Check with your plan administrator for details.

CASH DISTRIBUTION: If you decide to take your retirement distribution in cash now, you may end up with much less than you were expecting. That’s because your distribution will be subject to:

  • 20% automatic withholding
  • Additional federal income taxes, up to 16% or more
  • Early withdrawal penalty (If you’re younger than age 59-1/2, or have separated from service before age 55, you may owe another 10% of your distribution to the IRS.)
  • State and local income taxes; If applicable, you may also owe state and local income taxes on your distribution

Which is the best option for me?

A number of factors must be considered, so it is always best to consult with a financial advisor. He or she can talk with you about your goals, then help devise the best financial plan to help you reach those goals.

What if I want to invest the money after it is withdrawn?

Again, our professionals can assist you in considering the best investment strategies to meet your needs. Our team will consider such important issues as short-term versus long-term investments, diversification of your portfolio and more.

How do I decide?

It’s best to develop a relationship with a financial advisor. We’d love to meet with you and assist you in mapping out the right plan for you. Best of all, it costs you absolutely nothing to talk with us. Just give us a call, and we’ll be glad to help.


Do I have to have a trust to use your investment services?

Many of our customers choose trust arrangements because of the unique advantages they offer. No, you’re not required to create a trust. If you prefer, you can put our professionals to work on a less formal basis. All it takes is a simple letter of instructions, designating us to act as your investment agent.

What are the advantages of a trust?

With a trust you can not only draw on our broad investment capabilities, but also arrange to have us perform any number of special services, now or in the future. These personalized services could range from making payments of estimated taxes while you’re traveling abroad to providing full personal financial management in the event you suffer an incapacitating illness. You can also name one or more beneficiaries to receive the assets of your trust at your death. These distributions avoid probate. Or, you can have your trust continue beyond your lifetime, serving as a source of continuing income and support for your spouse, a child or others whom you designate.

Is it difficult to set up a trust?

Not at all. To put a Cumberland Security Bank trust advisor to work as your trustee, you take two simple steps. You bring us the money and/or securities you wish to place in trust, and you give us your written instructions in the form of a trust agreement. The agreement, drawn up by your attorney, is signed by you (as creator of the trust) and by Cumberland Security Bank (as trustee). That’s all there is to it.

If I create a trust, can I maintain control of it?

Certainly. Our trust customers control their trusts in three ways:

  1. The trust agreement specifies that they may make withdrawals (or additions) at any time.
  2. They reserve the right to cancel the trust.
  3. They reserve the right to give us new or different instructions by amending the trust agreement.

Are trust services expensive?

No. Our fees are competitive with those charged by investment advisory firms (for services that may not include custodianship of securities, record keeping and other conveniences) or by mutual funds.

How big does a trust fund have to be?

If you think of millions of dollars when you hear the word “trust,” you’re the victim of a widespread misconception. Today’s trust institutions have developed ways to handle even relatively small trusts efficiently. In any case, we don’t think in terms of fixed minimums. Instead we ask ourselves, “Is a trust the best way to meet this person’s financial management needs?” One of our trust advisors will be happy to sit down with you to determine if a trust is right for you.

How much of a return will I get on my money?

That depends on your goals – current income, long-term growth to offset inflation, or some balance of the two -and on ever-changing investment conditions. Historically, diversified portfolios of good quality stocks have produced a total annual return (dividends plus growth in principal value) averaging around 10%. Bonds have produced somewhat lower returns overall, but they offer a higher level of current income than stocks. As your trustee, our goal is to provide reasonably consistent returns over the years. We emphasize careful asset allocation, the selection of quality investments and constant vigilance.

Are trust funds insured by the FDIC?

Primarily, trust funds are invested in stocks, bonds or other income-producing assets. These trust investments are not bank deposits. Securities and other assets administered by a bank as trustee are held separate from the bank’s own assets, under strict audit controls, and cannot be reached by the bank’s creditors. As a result, the need for FDIC insurance is generally limited to uninvested trust cash, such as income awaiting distribution. In general, the owner of a revocable trust account is insured up to $250,000 for each unique beneficiary.

How can I find out more about trusts?

That’s easy. Our trust advisors will be glad to assemble further information for you, analyze your investment requirements and answer questions not covered here. Just give us a call at (606) 678-9164.

401(k) Accounts

What is a 401(k) account?

An employer-sponsored 401(k) plan allows an eligible participant to contribute pre-tax dollars to a tax-qualified retirement plan. It may not be the same thing as the pension your parents or grandparents may have had, but it has the same goal: to help you pursue financial security for your retirement. There are several basic features of a 401(k) plan:

  • You are permitted to defer some percentage of your pre-tax compensation into the plan. The maximum percentage permitted is determined (within certain limits) by your employer and is commonly no more than 15%
  • Dollars contributed to the plan are generally not subject to federal or state income taxes (determined by state law) until you receive a distribution from the plan. Any investment gains and earnings also enjoy tax deferral until distribution.
  • You may receive distributions from the plan when you terminate employment, retire or in the events of death or permanent disability as well as in any other situations permitted by your employer’s specific plan.

Beyond being able to use pre-tax dollars, what are the other benefits of a 401(k) plan?

There are numerous advantages of participating in a 401(k) in addition to the tax savings that go along it. For example, in addition to your own contributions, your company may offer a matching contribution at a given level. Imagine receiving money towards your retirement, simply because you chose to participate in the plan! Any employer-contributed dollars are invested in your account and accumulate tax-deferred, until they are withdrawn, usually at retirement.

LPL Financial Services, Inc. – Member NASD/SIPC, Located at Cumberland Security Bank

Can you borrow out of your 401 (k) plan?

While the objective of a 401(k) plan is to help secure your retirement, some plans do allow loans, through which participants may borrow money from their own accounts and repay themselves accordingly. Other plans may offer distribution options such as hardship and in-service withdrawals. It is important to keep in mind that any withdrawals from a 401(k) account (excluding loans, unless they are not repaid), are taxable as ordinary income and may be subject to a 10% early withdrawal penalty if the participant is under age 59-1/2. Consult your plan administrator for specific details concerning your particular plan and the options available.

Common Investment Questions

When do I need to start investing beyond having a savings, money market or certificate of deposit?

You should begin planning for retirement whenever you start bringing home a paycheck. Although it’s easy to think when you’re 25 that you don’t need to start planning for retirement until you’re 40 or so, that’s a dangerous proposition. Starting early and saving small amounts every payday over time can generate more retirement income than attempting to invest large sums of money over just a few years. Here’s a quick example*:

Mary begins saving $100 a month in her retirement plan at age 25 and continues to age 65. If her investments realize a fixed 8% average annual return, she will have a $351,428 balance at her retirement time. Sam, on the other hand, doesn’t start saving until he is 35. To have the same plan balance as Mary when he retires (assuming the same 8% return), Sam needs to save more than twice as much ($234 a month).

* This investment return, which is compounded monthly, is intended only for illustrative purposes. Actual rates of return cannot be predicted and will fluctuate. Source: NPI.

When do I need to start saving for a child’s college education?

Some would advise that it’s smart to start saving for your child’s college on the day you say thank you to your obstetrician. That’s not bad advice, given that some analysts predict in 10 years from now, the national average in tuition for a public college is expected to be in the range of $100,000, and $440,000 for a private college. Tuition costs are rising faster than the rate of inflation, so you need an investment vehicle that can keep pace. Our financial advisors will be happy to help you and your family come up with a personalized plan to conquer the costs of college.

Isn’t it always best to invest conservatively for long-term goals like retirement?

Many investors think conservative investments are the way to counter the possibility of market declines. That can be a major mistake. Low investment risk can mean low returns that barely keep pace with inflation. Instead of choosing only conservative investments, you should consider how much risk you can take with your investment and then choose a mix of securities designed to offer the highest potential return given that level of risk. It’s also important to remember that the more time you have to meet your financial goals, the more opportunities your investments have to recover from the periodic declines that inevitably affect investment markets.

Shouldn’t I shift to more conservative investments once I retire?

Shifting all of your securities-based assets into money market accounts and CDs at the point of retirement may not necessarily be the most beneficial. Conservative investments may not grow as much as you need them to; specifically, they may not be able to keep up with inflation. As a result, your standard of living may be eroded at a time when you should be enjoying it most. It may be better to preserve an investment mix with growth potential and gradually shift parts of your assets into more conservative investments as you are close to drawing on them.

Common Misperceptions About Investing

I can’t afford to start investing.

The reverse is true. In today’s economy, you can’t afford to not invest for the future. You can, in fact, begin building a portfolio of securities-based investments at any time. If your employer offers a tax-deferred 401(k) retirement plan, start participating now, regardless of your balance in other forms of traditional savings accounts. If you don’t have an employer-sponsored plan, you can look to other forms of long-term investments using a number of options. Our financial advisors will be glad to sit down with you and advise you on a plan that’s right for you.


I can’t afford to pay for an investment counselor.

There is no cost for working with a Cumberland Security Bank financial advisor to develop an investment plan that meets your needs. Our doors are open to anyone who would like to sit down and develop an investment plan.

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Securities are offered through LPL Financial (LPL), a broker-dealer (member FINRA/SIPC). Insurance products are offered through LPL or its licensed affiliates. Cumberland Security Bank and Cumberland Financial Services are not registered as a broker-dealer or investment advisor. Registered representatives of LPL offer products and services using Cumberland Financial Services and may also be employees of Cumberland Security Bank. These products and services are being offered through LPL or its affiliates, which are separate entities from, and not affiliates of, Cumberland Security Bank or Cumberland Financial Services. Securities and insurance offered through LPL or its affiliates are:
Not Insured by FDIC or Any Other Government Agency | Not Bank Guaranteed | Not Bank Deposits or Obligations | May Lose Value.

Cumberland Security Bank provides referrals to financial professionals of LPL Financial LLC (“LPL”) pursuant to an agreement that allows LPL to pay the bank for these referrals. This creates an incentive for the bank to make these referrals, resulting in a conflict of interest. Cumberland Security Bank is not a current client of LPL for brokerage or advisory services.

Please visit https://www.lpl.com/disclosures/is-lpl-relationship-disclosure.html for more detailed information.

The investment products sold through LPL Financial, American Trust Company, Dupree Mutual Funds and AssetMark, Inc. are not insured Cumberland Security Bank deposits and are not FDIC insured. These products are not obligations of the Cumberland Security Bank and are not endorsed, recommended or guaranteed by Cumberland Security Bank or any government agency. The value of the investment may fluctuate, the return on the investment is not guaranteed, and loss of principal is possible.